By Marc Romanych,Martin Rupp, et al.ePub Direct|Osprey Publishing Ltd||Osprey PublishingAdult NonfictionHistoryLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 20.01.2014Street date: 20.01.2014
In the early days of global battle I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it used to be the biggest artillery piece of its sort on the earth and a heavily guarded mystery. while warfare broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed at once from the manufacturing unit to Liege the place they quick destroyed forts and forced the fort to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German infantrymen christened the howitzers 'Grosse' or 'Dicke Berta' (Fat or massive Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that outfitted the howitzers. The nickname used to be quickly picked up via German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of massive Bertha was once born. This e-book information the layout and improvement of German siege weapons prior to and through international battle I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published photos of 'Big Bertha' and the opposite German siege guns....
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Extra resources for 42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I
Ideal battery positions had easy access, level ground for emplacement of the guns, and concealment for the battery trains. When possible, firing sites were selected and prepared before arrival of the guns. 5cm Beta-Gerät 09 and 42cm Gamma batteries was sometimes difficult since the guns could not move far from a standard-gauge rail line. Because the accuracy of the siege guns decreased with range, the batteries always emplaced as close as possible to their target. R. howitzer of SKM Battery 6. Visible are the projectile, the cartridge case, the ramrod, and the munitions cart.
The established strength of an SKM battery was 135 personnel (six officers, 129 noncommissioned officers and soldiers). KMK batteries were larger with 240 personnel (six officers and 234 noncommissioned officers and soldiers). Rarely did batteries have their exact established strength and they were often augmented by infantry for security and engineers for emplacement. An M-Gerät howitzer in firing position. Seen here, the crew has attached a handling bar to the tip of a projectile so that they can lean the round on its side and then roll it over the wooden planks to the howitzer.
The second railcar with rails for the gantry crane was moved in position and the rails were offloaded and placed on either side of the foundation pit and along the spur rail line so the gantry crane could straddle both the foundation and the spur line. In this way, it could roll back and forth between the railcars and foundation. When work on the rails was completed, the railcar carrying the gantry crane was moved into place and the crane was offloaded, assembled, and placed on its rails so it could move loads from the railcars.