By Ronald K. Hambleton, Peter F. Merenda, Charles D. Spielberger
Dapting academic and mental checks for Cross-Cultural evaluate seriously examines and advances new tools and practices for adapting assessments for cross-cultural overview and examine. The overseas try fee (ITC) directions for try edition and conceptual and methodological matters in try version are defined intimately, and questions of ethics and challenge for validity of attempt rankings in cross-cultural contexts are conscientiously tested. Advances in attempt translation and variation technique, together with statistical id of unsuitable try goods, setting up equivalence of other language types of a try out, and methodologies for evaluating checks in a number of languages, are reviewed and evaluated. The e-book additionally specializes in adapting skill, fulfillment, and character assessments for cross-cultural evaluation in academic, business, and medical settings.This e-book furthers the ITC's challenge of stimulating examine on well timed issues linked to review. It presents a great source for classes in psychometric equipment, attempt building, and academic and/or mental review, trying out, and dimension. Written by way of across the world recognized students in psychometric tools and cross-cultural psychology, the gathering of chapters also needs to offer crucial info for educators and psychologists fascinated about cross-cultural evaluate, in addition to scholars intending to such careers.
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Extra info for Adapting educational and psychological tests for cross-cultural assessment
In the mountains b. in the woods c. in the sea d. in the desert When this question was translated from English into Swedish, "webbed feet" became "swimming feet," that then provided an obvious clue to Swedish children about the location of the correct answer. A translator with some knowledge of the principles of item writing would have noticed the flaw in the translation of the item stem and revised the translation. 24 4. A test adaptation project is best carried out by a team of specialists (see, for example, Grisay, 2003).
1991). Adapting tests for use in different cul tures: Technical issues and methods. Bulletin of the International Test Com mission, 18, 3-32. Hambleton, R. , Clauser, B. , Mazor, K. (1993). Advances in the detection of differentially functioning test items. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 9(1), 1-18. Hambleton, R. , & de Jong, J. ). (2003). Advances in translating and adapting educational and psychological tests. Language Testing, 20(2), 127-240. Hambleton, R. , & Kanjee, A. (1995a).
3 (21) Comparisons across populations can only be made at the level of invariance that has been established for the scale on which scores are reported. 4 (22) The test developer should provide specific information on the ways in which the socio-cultural and ecological contexts of the populations might affect performance on the test, and should suggest procedures to account for these effects in the interpretation of results. 1 in Its Complete Form Guideline D. 1: Generaland Professional Requirements Test developers/publishers should ensure that the adaptation process takes full account of linguistic and cultural differences in the intended populations.