Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel by Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan

By Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan

This completely up to date moment version presents an outline at the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. strange and no more explored ecosystems inhabited by way of extremophiles reminiscent of marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, desolate tract sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting are provided. an extra concentration is wear the position of those hugely really good microorganism in utilized learn fields, starting from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples similar to novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection techniques for strength extraterrestrial existence types are mentioned in detail.
The publication addresses researchers and complicated scholars within the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.

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As it was also reported for the Mediterranean brine pools (see Sect. 3), the majority of the microbial communities in the Red Sea DHABs are dominated by Bacteria rather than Archaea, with the exception of the Kebrit and Atlantis II Deep brine-seawater interface (Bougouffa et al. 2013; Guan et al. 2015). In the interface of these two basins, the concentration of dissolved oxygen which is two to three times higher than in other interfaces could allow the proliferation of ammonia-­ oxidizing Archaea (AOA; Ngugi et al.

The chemical composition of the brine water showed the enrichment in the brine of metals and metalloids like manganese, iron and arsenic, and hydrogen sulfide at more than tenfold concentrations relative to deep seawater (Batang et al. 2012; Wang et al. 2014). 14 ppm; Batang et al. 2012). 30 F. Mapelli et al. This could suggest the active presence in the seeping water flowing in the brine body of manganese-reducing microorganisms able to thrive in the anoxic condition of the brine using Mn2+ as electron acceptor.

Four clone libraries were constructed amplifying the functional gene pmoA, encoding the particulate methane monooxygenase marker for methanotrophs. 8 % of total OTUs) unrelated to those of other deep-sea environments, suggesting that the methanotrophs community of this environment may significantly differ from the ones of other environments previously studied. A strong spatial variation was observed in particular between the normal seawater site NBP and the other three hydrocarbons and hydrate sites (GC185, GC234, and GC233), with six of the OTUs unique to the hydrates and hydrocarbon seep.

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