Agriculture Sector Programs: Sourcebook (World Bank by Nwanz Okidegbe

By Nwanz Okidegbe

This sourcebook presents sensible tips to policymakers and application planners in international locations and to improvement organisations on tips to perform or help an agricultural region program—from preliminary discussions, to constructing this system thought, to securing extensive stakeholder involvement, to implementation. It explains the explanations why nations might need to adopt a zone or subsector application and describes the stipulations that could support make sure the program's luck; presents information on the right way to formulate a quarter technique and produce approximately institutional reforms; specializes in middle public zone actions in line with a close expenditure overview; and indicates methods of encouraging donors to interact less than the management of the companion nation executive.

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Sample text

However, donors' commitment to an ASP may increase as they see progress being made. The ASP preparation team should be sure to treat all donors equally and ensure that no one donor dominates the preparation process. The team should also identify and respond to donors' concerns early in the preparation process. Donors' concerns may be addressed as follows: Donor's influence and control. Country ownership of programs contributes to the long-term impact and sustainability of investments. Many donors are pragmatic and are willing to relinquish direct controls, so long as the impact of their support is evident and they retain some influence as development partners.

This requires assessing the determinants of demand and supply to identify the nature and magnitude of specific market failures, and hence the appropriate form of government intervention or regulation, financing or outright provision. It is equally important to determine the core functions of the public sector in agriculture. An analysis of the impact of key programs on the poor. This is important to identify programs which help reduce poverty in a cost-effective manner. The relative allocations within and across programs should achieve the mix of corresponding sectoral outcomes that maximize social welfare.

Interventionist policies and regulations that protect inefficient public sector producers and organizations can be very expensive in terms of lost potential. It has been estimated that the delayed release of a rice variety known as Kalinga III in India, due to the failure of the public sector varietal release mechanisms, has resulted in over US$300 million of annual benefits forgone. Institutional Reforms Institutions should be thought of in the general sense as rules, as opposed to the narrow sense of specific organizations or functions.

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