An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis by R. Lyman Ott, Micheal T. Longnecker

By R. Lyman Ott, Micheal T. Longnecker

Ott and Longnecker's AN creation TO STATISTICAL tools and knowledge research, 6th variation, presents a huge evaluate of statistical tools for readers who've very little previous event in information. The authors train readers to unravel difficulties encountered in study initiatives, to make judgements according to information as a rule settings, and to turn into serious readers of statistical analyses in learn papers and in information reviews. the 1st 11 chapters current fabric ordinarily coated in a college-level introductory records path, in addition to fascinating case stories and examples. the remainder chapters disguise regression modeling and layout of experiments.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis (6th Edition)

Sample text

As trucks carrying produce cross the border, the truck is stopped for inspection. A random sample of five containers is selected for inspection from the hundreds of containers on the truck. Every apple in each of the five containers is then inspected for E. coli. Solution a. A simple random sample is selected using the list of registered voters as the sampling frame. b. This is an example of systematic random sampling. This type of inspection should provide a representative sample of chips because there is no reason to presume that there exists any cyclic variation in the production of the chips.

A third type of control is the placebo control. In this situation, a response may be obtained from the subject just by the manipulation of the subject during the experiment. A person may demonstrate a temporary reduction in pain level just by visiting with the physician and having a treatment prescribed. Thus, in evaluating several different methods of reducing pain level in patients, a treatment with no active ingredients, the placebo, is given to a set of patients without the patientsâ€™ knowledge.

In all surveys, a careful examination of the nonresponse group must be conducted to determine whether a particular segment of the population may be either under- or overrepresented in the sample. Some of the remedies for nonresponse are 1. Offering an inducement for participating in the survey 2. Sending reminders or making follow-up telephone calls to the individuals who did not respond to the first contact 3. Using statistical techniques to adjust the survey findings to account for the sample profile differing from the population profile measurement problems Measurement problems are the result of the respondents not providing the information that the survey seeks.