AQA History AS: Unit 1 - Totalitarian Ideology in Theory and by James Staniforth, Sally Waller

By James Staniforth, Sally Waller

Written to hide the AQA background a degree Unit 1 specification (HIS1N), our pupil publication offers a targeted examine key occasions throughout Europe from 1848-1941 and permits scholars to achieve a better figuring out of the interval and evaluation the main concerns.

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The sources of Stalin's power The Soviet system of government by 1 924 was based on a parliament and a cabinet. However, these were not the sources of political power because C h a pter 1 M a rxist ideo logy, Len i n a n d Stalin • The Politburo. Set up in 1917 and reformed i n 1 91 9, this was the main day-to-day decision-making body i n t h e Soviet U n io n. Seven members were elected in j une 1 924: Stalin, Trotsky, Zi noviev, Kamenev, Bu kharin, Rykov and Tomsky. Chooses The Central Committee of the the Bolshevi k Party, elected by the Party Congress.

In 1 92 7, the party agreed to implement a Fi ve Year P lan for industry. Stalin argued in 1 93 1 that the Soviet Union was 5 0- 1 00 years behind the West and that this deficit had to be made up in 1 0- 1 5 years . The introduction of collectivisation would ensure that the level of agricultural productivity would increase and that the State would also be more successful in procuring ( or collecting) the grain they were entitled to from the peasants . State control of the economy was ensured through the State Planning Commission or Gosplan, which set targets for production, prices and wages; allocated manpower and resources; and produced the statistics that proved the success of the socialist economy.

However, between 1 93 6 and 1 93 8 the Great Purge took place, which was a violent cleansing of the party and society. The Bolshevik Party turned on party 1ne1nbers who were politically suspecti they might have had a Menshevik past, or have supported Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev or Bukharin in the power struggle, or their crime 1nay be no more than to have politically suspect 1nembers of their family. Expulsion was replaced by punishments of arrest, torture and execution. The initial party purges had begun following criticism of Stalin by Martimyan Ryutin, an Old Bolshevik who called Stalin 'the evil genius who had brought the revolution to the brink of destruction' in a paper to the Central Committee.

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