Arthropods of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems by George P. Stamou

By George P. Stamou

G.P. Stamou describes the adaptive suggestions that permit arthropods to deal with the severity of Mediterranean environments. After an creation to the constitution and serve as of Mediterranean-type ecosystems, ecophysiological diversifications to water rigidity and ranging temperature are thought of. extra, task styles and existence cycle strategies are mentioned when it comes to the peculiarity of Mediterranean environments. Phenological styles and inhabitants dynamics in addition to group buildings also are offered. the quantity ends with a synthesis of lifestyles background tactics.

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Afterwards, the respiration rate slows down until the optimal temperature has been reached. It is obvious that animals may balance their respiratory activity within different temperature ranges. Hence, existence is readily inferred of an energysaving mechanism operating throughout the gradient of temperature tolerance. At lower temperatures this mechanism results in higher energy investment for maintenance, whereas at higher temperatures it ensures higher energy investment in production. From the optimal point up to the lethal threshold, respiratory activity exhibits a precipitous decline.

Balcanica from Hortiatis is illustrated in Fig. 9. The low maintenence cost of the animal is evident, since comparatively lower amounts of energy are consumed for respiration demands. 0724 cal mg- I was estimated for female animals. Moreover, the caloric content of female animals varies significantly with age, and the higher values were recorded in reproducing individuals. No such differences were recorded in male animals. 2%, respectively. Parameters of food consumption of Mediterranean arthropods are in general agreement with findings from most world habitats.

In each individual case a precipitous decline in the animal's metabolism was Respiratory Metabolism 36 ~ 1 ~

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