Bangladesh: from counting the poor to making the poor count by Shekhar Shah, Quentin Wodon, World Bank, Martin Ravallion

By Shekhar Shah, Quentin Wodon, World Bank, Martin Ravallion

"Reducing poverty is the crucial improvement problem in Bangladesh. This poverty evaluation addresses numerous simple "counting the terrible" questions: who're the negative? How quite a few are they? the place do they stay? What are the features of terrible families? How should still we degree poverty? Has poverty declined? Has inequality elevated? In answering those questions this poverty review constructs a poverty profile for Bangladesh." even though poverty has declined in Bangladesh within the Nineteen Nineties, the remainder demanding situations are huge, immense. This file is a part of a long term strategy of skill construction and mainstreaming of poverty research in Bangladesh. Its findings recommend 5 pillars of a potential poverty relief technique: • Accelerating monetary development • selling schooling for the terrible • making an investment in terrible parts • superior concentrating on of public expenses and safeguard nets • Forming additional partnerships with NGOs Discussions with stakeholders, NGOs, the govt., poverty researchers, and different donors in Bangladesh bobbing up from this document can help to construct help for an motion plan and extra specific coverage and institutional adjustments for swifter poverty relief.

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Work on mainstreaming poverty analysis into public policy design, implementation, and evaluation is still underway; this poverty report is part of the process. 6 The Bank's South Asia Region started its capacity-building effort with the BBS in 1994. The cooperative effort centered initially on the design for the 199596 HES. The Survey was made an integrated survey by adding to the basic household questionnaire a special-purpose module designed to Page 2 rotate among different topics and to collect detailed information for each household member on the chosen topic (BBS 1997e).

That older method also forced long delays before poverty estimates could be published (for example, the preliminary report for the 199192 HES was published only in 1995, and the full report in 1997). In contrast, the preliminary 199596 HES data were available for analysis four months after the survey was completed, and the BBS published a summary report (BBS 1997e), including new poverty measures, considerably faster than it had in previous HES rounds. 8 BBS staff were trained and a broader dialogue has been started on poverty issues.

Why was overall poverty reduction so slow or nonexistent over the 1980s? This complex question requires considerable inquiry, particularly since average GDP growth was roughly around 4 percent and exceeded the declining population growth rate. Chapter 2 shows that part of the explanation is rising inequality. Depending on which poverty measure is used, one-fifth to one-third of the potential poverty reduction from growth may have been lost because of higher inequality. The higher inequality associated with growth in Bangladesh does not imply that growth should not be pursued.

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