Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology by Garrity, Berner, Creig

By Garrity, Berner, Creig

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F. Weisse, a German zoologist. 5. Chromatium okenii DSM 169 cultured photoautotroph- ically with sulfide. Note the evenly distributed intracellular globules of S0 and the spiral tufts of polar flagella. Brightfield micrograph. Bar ‫ס‬ 5 lm. 5 ‫ ן‬7–14 lm. Nitrogenase activity is present. Other characteristics are as for C. okenii. 0 (Bd). Type strain: DSM 171. Genus II. Allochromatium Imhoff, Su¨ling and Petri 1998b, 1140VP JOHANNES F. um. Gr. adj. L. neut. n. Allochromatium the other Chromatium. Cells straight to slightly curved rods, single or in pairs, multiply by binary fission, motile by polar flagella, Gram negative, belong to the Gammaproteobacteria, and contain internal photosynthetic membranes of vesicular type in which the photosynthetic pigments bacteriochlorophyll a and carotenoids are located.

Nitrogen sources: ammonium salts, urea, and N2. Vitamin B12 required. 3). Habitat: ditches, ponds, and lakes with stagnant freshwater containing hydrogen sulfide and exposed to light. 1 (Bd). Type strain: 6512, ATCC 14959, BN 5810, DSM 173. GenBank accession number (16S rRNA): Y12365. 7. Allochromatium warmingii DSM 173 cultured photoau- totrophically with sulfide. Note the polarly located globules of S0. Dividing cells also deposited sulfur globules at the newly formed cross-walls. Brightfield micrograph.

Taxonomic rearrangements of the genera Thiocapsa and Amoebobacter on the basis of 16S rDNA sequence analyses and description of Thiolamprovum gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 48: 957–964. F. 1984. Reassignment of the genus Ectothiorhodospira Pelsh 1936 to a new family, Ectothiorhodospiraceae fam. , and emended description of the Chromatiaceae Bavendamm 1924. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 134: 338–339. F. 1988. Anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria. 5. 2 Substrates used: Hydrogen ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ nd ‫ם‬ nd nd nd ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ nd Sulfide ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ Thiosulfate ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ Sulfur ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ Sulfite ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ nd nd nd nd nd ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ nd Formate ‫מ‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ Acetate ‫ם‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ Pyruvate ‫ם‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ Propionate ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ Butyrate ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ Lactate ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ Fumarate ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ Succinate ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ Malate ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫מ‬ Fructose ‫מ‬ nd ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ Glucose ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ Ethanol ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ Propanol ‫מ‬ nd ‫מ‬ nd ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ nd ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ Glycerol ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ Glycolate ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ nd nd nd ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ Crotonate ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ nd ‫מ‬ nd ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ Valerate ‫מ‬ nd ‫מ‬ nd ‫ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ Casamino acids ‫מ‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫ם‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ (‫)ם‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫מ‬ a Symbols: ‫ם‬, positive in most strains; ‫מ‬, negative in most strains; ‫ע‬, variable; (‫)ם‬, weak growth; nd, not determined; P, pink; Pr, pinkish red; Rr, rose red; Puv, purpleviolet; Br, brownish red; Pur, purple-red; B, beige; Ob, orange-brown; Yb, yellowish brown; Bo, brown-orange; ok, okenone; sp, spirilloxanthin; ra, rhodopinal; ths, tetrahydrospirilloxanthin.

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