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Additional info for Best Practices for Photovoltaic Household Electrification Programs: Lessons from Experiences in Selected Countries (World Bank Technical Paper)
For these reasons, automotive batteries are more commonly used. Should the demand for deepcycle batteries increase, then lower-cost local manufacture of such batteries can help reduce life-cycle costs. Economies of Scale in Production and Sales. Production costs depend heavily on volume. As demand increases, the costs of manufacturing solar home systems should fall. As more suppliers enter the market, competition should also drive prices down. Support Service Costs. Support services costs will also fall as sales volume per dealer increases, spreading the fixed costs of sales and servicing over a larger number of units.
258 De Geyndt, Managing the Quality of Health Care in Developing Countries No. 259 Chaudry, Reid, and Malik, editors, Civil Service Reform in Latin America and the Caribbean: Proceedings of a Conference No. 260 Humphert, Payment Systems: Principles, Practice, and Improvements No. 261 Lynch, Provision for Children wiht Special Educational Needs in the Asia Region No. 262 Lee and Bobadilla, Health Statistics for the Americans No. 263 Le Moigne, Subramanian, Xie, and Giltner, editors, A Guide to the Formulaiton of Water Resources Strategy No.
Pricing and repayment arrangements should capture households' ability and willingness to pay. For example, evidence suggests that consumer willingness and capacity to pay is influenced more by the size of the down payment for solar home systems than by the number or the size of the monthly payments. Flexible payment schemes may be needed for households with irregular income streams. 7. Grants and Subsidies. A judicious use of grants and subsidies can help implement household PV programs. To assure sustainable programs, such assistance should be used to build market infrastructure through planning, promotion, training, feasibility studies, quality assurance, and similar activities, or limited equity to reduce the capital costs of a project.