Biology of Coccinellidae by Ivo Hodek

By Ivo Hodek

This e-book offers the 1st monograph of Coccinellidae. even though the gang reveals inclusion either in Clausen's (1940) "Entomophagous bugs" and in Balduf's (1935) "Entomophagous Coleoptera", reference in those works is restricted to 3 and twenty pages respectively. in addition, the final thirty years when you consider that those books seemed have ~een loads of paintings at the crew. using pesticides mostly destroyed the early makes an attempt at organic regulate and curiosity remained low for so long as pesticides seemed really winning notwithstanding, the issues of pesticides quickly turned obvious, and within the final decade there were great advancements in organic regulate, really in eombin

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16 (IS) Prothorax with two plates, each of them more or less deeply excised in front and behind. S times as long as bases of chalazae. 17 (18) Pro thoracic plates slightly excised in front and behind. d parascoli not high, with 7 chalazae, the bases of which are elongate-triangular. Larvae black with small light sputs. dl, I I, IV parascoli whitish. (Fig. ) ..................... C. hieroglyphica L. 18 (17) Prothoracic plates broadly excised in front and behind. d parascoli flat, very low, with 10 chalazae having small, round bases.

S. apelzi Mul~. (4) Prothorax not extended forwards. Tubercules on prothorax more or less distinct. (13) d, dl and 1 tubercules well developed with one long and several small setae. (Fig. ) (12) Middle of pronotum with 2 setae. Tibia with setae set more sparsely. ............. · . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. S. interruptus Got'ze (11) Middle of pro no tum with 6 setae.

C. trifasciata L. Plate XV Fig. 88-137. 88 - prothoracic plate, 89 - d, dl, I II strumae, C. elegantula; 90 - mesothoracic plate, C. principalis; 91 - mesothoracic plate, S. conglobata; 92 - d, dl, I II"parascoli, 93 - claw, C. undecimpunctata; 94 - claw, C. nivicola; 95 - prothoracic plate, 96 - claw, C. reitteri; 97 medial pro thoracic plate, 98 - d II parascolus, C. divaricata; 99 - d II parascolus, C. transversoguttata; 100 - claw, C. tianshanica; 101 - d II parascolus, 102 - claw, C.

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