By Angus Konstam
The release of HMS Dreadnought in 1906 replaced the face of naval war. This progressive new battleship was once in a league of her personal, able to taking over any "pre-dreadnought" battleships in a instantly struggle. A naval hands race among Britain and Germany, as either international locations hurriedly outfitted a fleet of those robust new warships. This race led inexorably to the outbreak of a global struggle. in the course of international conflict I those dreadnoughts shaped the spine of the British Grand Fleet. In might 1916, those battleships positioned to sea to intercept their opposite numbers within the German excessive Seas fleet. the end result was once the conflict of Jutland, a bruising high-stakes come upon the place the layout and development of Britain's innovative new battleships used to be positioned to the try. the 1st half-dozen dreadnoughts have been all advancements of the elemental Dreadnought layout, all wearing ten 12-inch weapons. It used to be purely in 1911, with the release of HMS Neptune that the structure of this strong armament was once altered because of sensible adventure. extra types of the Neptune entered provider later that very same 12 months. those 9 enhanced dreadnoughts shaped the middle of the British excessive Seas Fleet. they'd quickly, even though, be outclassed via a brand new breed of "super dreadnoughts", the topic of the second one quantity during this two-part tale. whereas those new battleships carried greater 13.5-inch weapons, they proved much less profitable as all-round battleships than their extra lightly-armed predecessors. Naval architects have been slowly studying that with sleek battleships, layout concerned a compromise among firepower, safeguard and velocity. One final 12-inch gun dreadnought entered carrier in 1914, while a seven turret battleship being outfitted for the Turks was once commandeered by way of the Royal military, and re-named HMS Agincourt. This New forefront name, the 1st of 2 protecting those well-known warships will discover the total tale of the British battleships of worldwide warfare I. The ebook will examine their innovative layout, the 12-inch weapons that supplied them with their firepower, and how those weapons have been fired in anger.
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Additional info for British Battleships 1914-18
The view is towards the west, so the coast of Orphir on the Orkney mainland forms a backdrop to this tranquil naval scene. com A close-up of the midships layout of HMS St Vincent. A 4-inch QF gun mounted in a casemate in her superstructure is visible beneath the bridge. Before the war those on her turret roofs were removed and mounted in her superstructure in a two-tiered arrangement – appearing above and immediately aft of the gun seen here. The changes in the way the war at sea was fought also started to have an impact on these dreadnoughts.
Other modifications made in late 1917 included the enlargement of the bridge and fire control positions of St Vincent and Collingwood, and the redistribution of the 4-inch guns into two tiered sponson positions, of the kind introduced into the ships of the Bellerophon class. Finally, the searchlights were also redistributed and mounted on small searchlight towers to improve their sweep closer to the hull of the ships. In early 1917 Collingwood was fitted with flying-off platforms for aircraft over her fore and aft turrets, and by 1918 these were used to operate the two Sopwith aircraft used by the Bellerophon-class dreadnoughts.
Neptune is pictured anchored beside her, while Warspite lies further off. The view is towards the west, so the coast of Orphir on the Orkney mainland forms a backdrop to this tranquil naval scene. com A close-up of the midships layout of HMS St Vincent. A 4-inch QF gun mounted in a casemate in her superstructure is visible beneath the bridge. Before the war those on her turret roofs were removed and mounted in her superstructure in a two-tiered arrangement – appearing above and immediately aft of the gun seen here.