Causes of the Civil War: The Differences Between the North by Shane Mountjoy

By Shane Mountjoy

In 1861, americans turned engaged in a bloody civil warfare during which greater than 600,000 americans misplaced their lives. The clash all started after a number of states withdrew from the Union. This name examines the sectional rivalries that surfaced within the early nineteenth century and intensified within the many years major as much as the struggle.

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Extra resources for Causes of the Civil War: The Differences Between the North and South (The Civil War: a Nation Divided)

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From the Southern viewpoint, the United States needed to acquire more territory in order for the South to maintain its unique culture. Thus, Southerners came to believe that if the United States ceased to expand and gain new territories, then slavery would soon die out, killing the Southern way of life. As the presidential election of 1860 loomed, the issue of slavery weighed heavily on the hearts and minds of many Americans. Instead of disappearing, slavery continued to rear its head as a continual reminder of the stark differences between the North and the South.

The latter party later became the Whig Party during Jackson’s second term, 1833 to 1837. The compromise also drew attention to the fragile balance between slave and free states in the Senate. Keeping this balance of power became a key goal to many in the coming years. Such a goal often served to emphasize the differences between the two regions. Arkansas entered as a slave state in 1836, followed the next year by Michigan, a free state. Yet, there was a limited availability of useable lands for slave territories, meaning the free states eventually gained the upper hand in the Senate.

Above, a newspaper illustration depicts the Nat Turner Rebellion. On November 5, a Virginia court tried and convicted Turner of insurrection (rebellion against authority). Turner received a sentence of death, and the execution by hanging was carried out on November 11. The results of the Nat Turner Rebellion were even more drastic than the results of the Prosser Rebellion three decades earlier. Southern states imposed even more restrictions on 31 32 causes of the civil war slaves. Southern fears of slave rebellions were now based upon a real example of violence against whites.

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