Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Second Edition by Moselio Schaechter

By Moselio Schaechter

The table Encyclopedia of Microbiology, moment version is a single-volume complete consultant to microbiology for the complex reader. Derived from the six quantity e-only Encyclopedia of Microbiology, 3rd variation, it bridges the space among introductory texts and really expert studies. masking themes starting from the fundamental technological know-how of microbiology to the present "hot" subject matters within the box, it will likely be precious for acquiring history info on a wide diversity of microbiological issues, getting ready lectures and getting ready supply functions and experiences.

* the main complete single-volume resource delivering an outline of microbiology to non-specialists
* Bridges the distance among introductory texts and really good reports.
* presents concise and normal overviews of vital issues in the box making it a useful source while getting ready for lectures, writing stories, or drafting supply purposes

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Coelicolor A3(2) chromosome consisted of acquired DNA. Genetic instability of the Streptomyces genome The extreme variability of Actinobacteria is a well-known phenomenon first demonstrated by the work of Lieske, and is clearly evident when examining culture plates. In nearly all cases, genetic instability has a pleiotropic effect and can result in the loss of antibiotic biosynthesis and resistance, pigment production, and aerial mycelium formation. Genes can be lost in various frequencies from 10À4 to 10À2 per spore; these deletions can remove up to 25% of the genome.

In the mouth and small intestine, bacterial adhesion is critical to maintenance of microbial populations, where either salivary flow or movement of contents eliminates the nonadherent bacteria. Our microbiota is, in general, beneficial. Bacteria in the gut, for example, attach to undigested by-products and degrade some polysaccharides into carbon and energy sources, for example. Recent results indicate that the balance of bacterial populations in the gut influence caloric intake through complex interbacterial metabolic networks and further study may help to understand and potentially control (decrease or increase) caloric uptake.

They have the genetic capabilities to either utilize these compounds as sources of energy or break them down to simpler forms, which in turn can be used by other organisms (cometabolism). Actinobacteria also have an enormous biotechnological potential. As mentioned before members of the Actinobacteria, in particular the genus Streptomyces, are major producers of medically important antibiotics. Examples of other uses of Actinobacteria are listed in Table 4. Table 4 Uses of actinobacterial strains in biotechnology Organism Mycobacterium(nonmedical strains) Biotechnological uses    Corynebacterium (nonmedical strains)   Microbispora rosea  Micrococcus species   Rhodococcus species     Frankia  Cellulomonas species    Micromonospora   Brevibacterium Nocardioides   Biotransformation of steroids Removal of vinyl chloride from industrial waste Production of optically active epoxides which are subsequently used for chemical synthesis of optically active pharmaceutical compounds C.

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