By Ramdas Pai, Padmini Varadarajan
Acquiring an echocardiogram is a posh method with a necessity for consistent enhancement and development of talents within the quarter for either ultrasound technician and physician. Owing to the expanding complexity of the echocardiogram and its interpretation, upon which sufferer care seriously is predicated, a number of expert our bodies were introducing competency exams.This certain booklet has been designed to help new trainees in addition to more matured technicians and physicians in getting ready for competency tests for certification reasons. It offers easy-to-use revision fabric within the kind of multiple-choice questions with in actual fact defined answers.Unique method of echocardiography in a query and resolution layout; the questions are predominantly case studiesFeatures four hundred questions with solutions and causes. The scope of the questions within the booklet is extensive, together with parts reminiscent of utilized ultrasound physics, haemodynamics, valvular difficulties, ischaemic middle ailment, congenital middle ailments, intraoperative or surgical echocardiography, pericardial illnesses and cardiac masses.Excellent for try out preparationEasy to learn and understandComplements commonplace textbook readingWritten through skilled educational echocardiographers curious about instructing echocardiography each dayOver two hundred nonetheless photos increase the educational strategy
Read or Download Echocardiography Board Review: 400 Multiple Choice Questions With Discussion PDF
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Extra resources for Echocardiography Board Review: 400 Multiple Choice Questions With Discussion
102. Answer: C. As the driving pressure across the mitral valve is doubled, the regurgitant volume is doubled, as it is directly proportional to the driving pressure. However jet size is not only dependent on regurgitant volume but also on the kinetic energy imparted to the jet, which depends on jet velocity and, indirectly, the driving pressure. e. 12 cm2. 103. Answer: D. Underestimation of MR can occur due to undersampling in the setting of low frame rate (increasing sector angle and depth) and high heart rates.
125 cc/min D. 125 cc/s 98. In the patient above the systemic blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg in the absence of aortic stenosis and the left atrial pressure is 20 mmHg. The effective mitral regurgitant orifice area would be: A. 7 cm2 B. 5 cm2 C. 1 cm2 D. Cannot be calculated 99. 5 cm2 represents: A. Mild mitral regurgitation (MR) B. Moderate MR C. Severe MR D. Severity cannot be detected 100. If the patient in question 99 had a blood pressure of 220/90 mmHg with similar proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) measurements, the ERO area would: A.
Law of conservation of mass B. Law of conservation of energy C. Law of conservation of momentum D. None of the above 94. The most practical value for the development of perfluorocarbon bubbles was to improve: A. Contrast on the right side B. Stable passage through the transpulmonary bed to improve contrast on the left side C. Improve contrast visualization in the hepatic bed D. None of the above 95. In a patient with mixed aortic valve disease, the AVA by the Gorlin equation using Fick cardiac output is likely to be: A.