By Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
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Extra resources for The First Democracy In Modern Europe
His rule started the Romanov Dynasty. The alliance between the Pope and the Hapsburgs took advantage of Church’s freedom in Poland to press for an alliance with Austria and for missionary expeditions in Russia. The ineptness and negligence of the King Vasa in dealing with Moscow lead the Seym to further specified in 1611 the conditions for impeachment and legal refusal of obedience to the King's government; it also banned of purchases of landed estates by the burghers. In 1613 the Seym established the Tax Court of The Treasury.
Modrzewski advocated a strong central government, strictly controlled by laws; an efficient administration, and an independent court system to guarantee social justice and a high quality education independent from the Church. He was one of the pioneers of the European science of government and laws. (His works were translated into German, French, Spanish, and Russian and were reprinted throughout Europe). The University of Królewiec (Koenigsberg) was founded by an act of the King of Poland, Zygmunt August in 1544.
Elections were to be decided by a simple majority. The Social Contract between the royal candidates and the electorate was formulated in the Articles of Agreement, which was accompanied by the Articles of Impeachment. The “watchdog” senatorial committee was confirmed. The Harm of Allowing Foreign candidates for the Polish throne The parliamentary motion of the Chancellor Jan Zamoyski (1542-1605) to limit the general elections to the native citizens of the Polish Commonwealth was unfortunately was tabled and never acted upon.