Thorium: energy cheaper than coal by Robert Hargraves

By Robert Hargraves

Thorium power can assist payment CO2 and worldwide warming, lower lethal pollution, supply inexhaustible power, and raise human prosperity. Our global is beset by way of worldwide warming, pollutants, source conflicts, and effort poverty. thousands die from coal plant emissions. We conflict over mideast oil. foodstuff offers from sea and land are threatened. constructing international locations' development exacerbates the crises. Few international locations will undertake carbon taxes or power rules opposed to their fiscal self-interests to minimize international CO2 emissions. strength more affordable than coal will dissuade all international locations from burning coal. leading edge thorium power makes use of fiscal persuasion to finish the toxins, to supply power and prosperity to constructing international locations, and to create power safety for everyone all the time. "This booklet offers a lucid clarification of the workings of thorium-based reactors. it's needs to interpreting for someone drawn to our strength future." Leon Cooper, Brown collage physicist and 1972 Nobel laureate for superconductivity "As our strength destiny is key i will strongly suggest the e-book for everyone drawn to this most important topic." George Olah, 1994 Nobel laureate for carbon chemistry

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Thorium: energy cheaper than coal

Thorium strength may also help fee CO2 and international warming, lower lethal pollution, offer inexhaustible power, and raise human prosperity. Our global is beset by way of international warming, toxins, source conflicts, and effort poverty. thousands die from coal plant emissions. We conflict over mideast oil. nutrition offers from sea and land are threatened.

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But electricity is essential for economic progress. 3 billion people, 20% of the world population, have no access to electricity. Even rapidly developing nations such as India and South Africa can not provide full time electricity. Electricity can power sewage processing systems, necessary to assure clean water. 6 billion people have no access to sanitation, leading to illness that reduces GDP by 6%. Diarrhea is responsible for more child deaths than AIDS, TB, and malaria combined. UNESCO reports that 8% of worldwide electric power is used for water pumping, purification, and wastewater treatment.

Many journalists get this wrong, so read carefully and critique accordingly. Electricity is the flow of electrons. Electricity is the flow of electrical current, typically electrons flowing in a metal wire. The amount of current (I) is measured in amperes. Power (W) is current times the voltage potential (V) through which the current flows. In analogy to the water wheel example, power is like the water flow (current) times the water height (voltage). For electricity: Power, W = I x V (current x voltage) Energy, E = W x t (power x time) For electricity we usually use kilowatt-hour units, but for smaller quantities, watts and seconds are more convenient.

Asymmetric energy conversion We can use the same suffix for energy units. 6 kWh(t) thermal energy (heat). 15/kWh(e) is 39 cents. 6 kWh(t) of gas costs about 12 cents at retail – about a third as much as the electricity cost of 39 cents. Why such a difference? 6 kWh(e) of electricity. That much gas costs about 3 x 12 cents = 36 cents, roughly equal to the electricity cost of 39 cents. Cooking, drying clothes, and heating homes using electric energy is about three times as expensive as using thermal energy.

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